John Pricci executive editor John Pricci has over three decades of experience as a thoroughbred racing public handicapper and was an award-winning journalist while at New York Newsday for 18 years.

John has covered 14 Kentucky Derbies and Preaknesses, all but three Breeders' Cups since its inception in 1984, and has seen all but two Belmont Stakes live since 1969.

Currently John is a contributing racing writer to, an analyst on the Capital Off-Track Betting television network, and co-hosts numerous handicapping seminars. He resides in Saratoga Springs, New York.

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Saturday, June 14, 2008

Next Up for Curlin, Big Brown: How About the Breeders’ Cup Turf?

The Triple Crown is over, Big Brown is now back on Winstrol, and Curlin is expected to take care of business in the Grade 1 Stephen Foster today.

Now what?

While it outwardly appears that all of Curlin’s connections are on the same page, maybe cracks are beginning to show in the Big Brown camp.

For now, and probably for the rest of the season, Kent Desormeaux is Big Brown’s present and future rider, barring a repeat of the Belmont Stakes strategy scenario. Then all bets are off.

Edgar Prado, who invited Rick Dutrow’s wrath for his Preakness race-ride, is still, in Dutrow’s words, his “man.” But, like Bud Delp said of Bill Shoemaker, Bob Frieze is just a phone call away. Desormeaux, however, is Michael Iavarone’s man.

Tangentially, a question for Iavarone. You hired Gary Stevens as a consultant on all things Big Brown, so please settle this for me. Was Stevens hired to possibly confer with Desormeaux on pre-race strategy, or to throw him under the bus after the fact?

Disappointed minds would really like to know.

The barn’s post-Belmont game plan was to run in the Travers and Breeders’ Cup Classic. Now the owner is talking about a Travers prep, the $1 million Haskell, which works, of course. Iavarone also talked about how the Monmouth Park surface probably would be to Big Brown’s loving.

There was no mention of a purse boost, or an “appearance fee,” something which is included in the past performance lines of New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority management. Not that there’s anything wrong with that, despite the creepiness.

But Dutrow said he’d prefer to train Big Brown up to the Travers. With the Triple Crown over, Dutrow wants him on the kind of schedule that works for all Dutrow‘s horses, and it might serve Big Brown better, too.

It could be that Iavarone is erring on the side of the Benjamins here. Nothing wrong with that, either.

Outside of the barn and its connections, Curlin’s post-Foster schedule is still very much up in the air. The Louisville Courier Journal reported this week that Steve Asmussen wants no part of synthetic track racing for Curlin.

Not only is the trainer entitled, but good for him. Asmussen would rather have Curlin make his turf debut in Paris for $6 million than run for $5 million on whatever that stuff is at Santa Anita.

Knowing this to be the case, I asked Iavarone before the Belmont whether he’d consider laying this challenge down to the Curlin folks: Forget about having Paris, guys. If you want to run on grass, let’s meet in the Breeders’ Cup Turf. The Derby winner defeating an older Horse of the Year on grass might even add to Brownie’s breeding value. Given the correlation between Polytrack success on turf, maybe breeders would seek out Big Brown’s progeny because that offspring might have a reasonable chance for success on three surfaces?

Iavarone said that the Classic has far more prestige, perhaps erring on the side of the Benjamins again. Remember, the schedule is Iavarone’s call, not Three Chimneys’.

Barbara Banke, wife of Curlin’s principal owner Jess Jackson, thinks of their horse as a potential international star. Beyond the Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe, they are said to be considering the Japan Cup, another big ticket item. They learned in Dubai that Curlin can win without Lasix, important in Japan, not so much in Europe where drug testing, it is said, can be a bit spotty.

The Breeders’ Cup Turf is the only place where Big Brown can meet Curlin in the United States with international implications. Jackson is a sportsman, otherwise Curlin would be retired. Taking Iavarone at his word, so is he, saying before the Belmont that Big Brown would have two more races.

So think about this, please? Three million, plus breeding bragging rights, beats the old sharp stick in the eye.

Written by John Pricci

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Thursday, June 12, 2008

Stewards Give Desormeaux Three Thumbs Up; Mr. Dutrow Goes to Washington

Kent Desormeaux’s meeting with the New York stewards yesterday was not the result of his being roundly criticized in the media and the Belmont Park backstretch for his ride on Big Brown in the 140th Belmont Stakes. Nor was it because the trifecta payoff appeared suspiciously low to many bettors.

A Thoroughbred Racing Protective Bureau investigation found no suspicious betting activity in any of the pools and so common sense prevailed: It was, after all, only a nine-horse field. Bettors looking for a score only needed to exclude the 3-10 favorite with the hoof issues, perhaps throwing out the maiden Guadalcanal, too, for bad measure.

Indeed, racing’s stewards have film sessions daily with riders to review the previous day’s races, with extra attention given to riding infractions and the defeat of short-priced favorites.

Nothing unusual about that. But the circumstances under which Belmont Stakes favorite Big Brown was anything but a routinely poor performance. And the eyes of, not only Texas, but, the entire racing world were on the 11th race from New York last Saturday.

How could it be any other way? Not only was immortality on the line but this is not a heady time for a sport that is, in the main, still reeling from the Eight Belles tragedy in the Kentucky Derby less than six weeks ago.

On the same day the New York stewards went to the movies with Desormeaux, where apparently his performance earned three thumbs up, the House Subcommittee on Commerce, Trade and Consumer Protection released a witness list for a June 19 hearing entitled “Breeding, Drugs and Breakdowns: The State of Thoroughbred Horse Racing and the Welfare of the Thoroughbred Race Horse.”

Guess the feds think there’s more to racing’s problems than a jockey that might have been overprotective of a would be Triple Crown champion. They will, however, speak with Big Brown’s trainer, Rick Dutrow, as well as several prominent owners, breeders, veterinarians, and racing officials, the heads of the five racing families.

Included among that group is Alex Waldrop, CEO of the Thoroughbred Racing Association, who called for a complete ban on the use of steroids by early 2009 on the nationally televised broadcast of the Preakness Stakes, won in a romp by Big Brown.

The hearing will be chaired by Rep. Bobby Rush, D-Ill., and ranking Republican Ed Whitfield of Kentucky. (Apparently Dennis Kucinich was unavailable, busily working on another project).

Waldrop has been quite vocal on the steroids issue. Immediately after the Belmont, he said that racing cannot afford to have the legitimacy of its stars questioned with respect to the use of steroids.

Waldrop, however, is “not willing to concede that we don’t have a healthy breed,” and that “there has been a rush to judgment on the [speed vs. stoutness] issue.”

Of course, Waldrop must protect a robust market place--his organization vitally depends on the contributions of a fiscally healthy industry for its survival--horse sales being the driving force behind the business of winning a Triple Crown title.

Contrarily, empirical evidence has shown that the breed is not robust, tracing to the concentrated amount of inbreeding yielding early developing horses with speed, the kind of talent that cannot be taught.

Hopefully, Waldrop is thinking about taking on the sport’s problems one battle at a time. Steroid use is only the first step. Take it from the feds, and from the possible results of a hearing on, altogether now, “Breeding, Drugs and Breakdowns: The State of Thoroughbred Horse Racing and the Welfare of the Thoroughbred Race Horse.”

Written by John Pricci

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Wednesday, June 11, 2008

Desormeaux Never Had a Chance; Racing’s Steroid Era Must End

It’s been days since the stunning non-performance by Big Brown in the 140th Belmont Stakes and everyone is still seeking an explanation, a reason for such a glaringly listless performance.

The truth is the fans and the industry will never know for sure until the results of a test, one that should have been administered on the morning after the Belmont, are made public.

Ever heard of Hypoadrenocorticism? Neither had I. But as a Big Brown fan I cannot accept what I saw last Saturday at Belmont Park. “Not himself” was not a suitably acceptable explanation, nor should it be, I thought.

Now I know better. Not only was “not himself” acceptable, it’s the only answer. Perhaps with an added qualifier. Because what I have learned since is that the Big Brown of Kentucky Derby and Preakness fame might not have been himself, either.

Maybe every single horse that’s ever been administered steroids, whether it be of the anabolic or corticosteroid variety, was never truly itself from the moment it got its first dose. Here’s what we didn’t know in the moments after the Belmont, nor learned from Dr. Larry Bramlage.

Hypoadrenocorticism is known by other descriptive names: adrenal exhaustion; turn-out syndrome, or steroid letdown syndrome. The condition, according to wikipedia sources, is a poorly documented cause of poor performance in race horses. Apparently not even experts in the field understand it fully.

But they know this much: Poor performances are usually attributable to the withdrawal of exogenous corticosteroid. It’s been a month since trainer Rick Dutrow was forthcoming about administering Winstrol, a non-corticosteroid, legal in 28 racing jurisdictions, to all his horses on the 15th of every month.

At that time, Dutrow said that he didn’t know what it did, but liked using it, and referred the media to his veterinarian, one of several he uses. Dutrow never said that his horses received corticosteroids, and subsequently admitted that Big Brown hadn’t received Winstrol since April 15.

Corticosteroids are commonly administered to race horses for one of two reasons, neither of which is good for the animal or the sport. By injecting it into the joints, it reduces musculoskeletal pain. Its other use is as a stimulant by causing a state of euphoria.

Prolonged corticosteroid therapy causes decreased secretion of ACTH by the pituitary, which results in adrenal atrophy. Withdrawal of exogenous corticosteroids may result in low concentrations of plasma cortisol.

Another symptom of turnout syndrome may be adrenal exhaustion, caused by the chronic stress of training. Or, perhaps, racing three times at the highest levels over three different surfaces in five weeks. Additionally, long term use of anabolic steroids may lead to adrenal insufficiency.

There are five clinical indicators of Hypoadrenocorticism, two of which are depression/lethargy and intolerance to exercise. According to what is known about the condition, the best time to test for this is the morning after a poor performance, seeking out either low concentrations of cortisol or a decreased response to ACTH stimulation.

There are three acknowledged methods of treating steroid letdown syndrome: The gradual withdrawal of corticosteroid treatment; turning out the animal for a period of one to three months, and decreasing alternate day doses of ACTH.

Relative to the above, either Dutrow or his veterinarians must supply some answers to racing authorities, preferably before the wrong people start asking those same questions.

Personally, there were many indications that Big Brown was not himself Belmont day. I watched video of him in the paddock on the large infield screen from my reserved grandstand seat. He appeared listless, not the inquisitive colt I’ve seen several times before.

But I’ve learned not to trust my lying eyes since the first time I learned that stretch runners don’t come flying down the homestretch to win a race. Rather, they simply decelerate at a slower pace than front-runners racing on tapped reserves.

Big Brown looked no better live in the post parade. He was sweating--something that horses should and must do on 94-degree afternoons. But the sight of kidney sweat, often a sign of internal stress that’s unknowable to onlookers, is never a positive.

Appearing listless is one thing but there were other indications this wasn’t the same undefeated winner of five races, three Grade 1s and two classics, by a total of 39 lengths.

The barn said that he had been rank--hard to handle--in the two days preceding the race. That’s not him, either. Neither was it him seen throwing his head, tugging at the reins on several occasions; nor was he a pretty picture prior to loading into the starting gate. We had never seen skittishness from Big Brown like that before.

Clearly there were other factors at work, too. He wants to run outside of horses. If not, why would his connections choose post 20 in the Derby when there were four other options available at the time?

The Belmont’s rival jockeys knew this, too. Alan Garcia on Da’ Tara got in front of him going into the first turn. Eibar Coa on Tale Of Ekati trapped him in a box on the lower first turn. Without question, Big Brown resented his jockey’s restraint and probably the tight quarters he was in, too.

Even if he did so abruptly, Desormeaux got him to the outside of rivals as soon as he could, almost bowling over Anak Nakal to do it. Then, after straightening out into the backstretch, Coa did some more race-riding, making sure he kept Big Brown way out in the middle of the track.

And the middle of the main track appeared dead all afternoon, and Desormeaux had to know that. He was in a perfect three-wide position aboard Commandeered, a 2-1 chance in the day’s first race, and the team just floundered there, never making so much as a bid.

For this, superintendent John “Fast Track” Passero must take the heat. The Belmont Park surface was sealed and rolled tighter than a drum on Friday night, long after the rains of Thursday had stopped.

There might not be as much cushion on Big Sandy as there used to be, but the surface still requires a great amount of water. Given the extremely hot day and the notion that all the moisture had been wrung from the surface the night before, the surface certainly would have benefited from more water content.

Desormeaux said that he thought Big Brown “slipped up front” coming out of the gate. That did not appear to be the case. Television analyst Jerry Bailey said he couldn’t verify that either from slow motion replays, but thought he might have slipped in behind.

While Desormeaux should have given Big Brown more rein away from the gate to get his horse into the clear, the fact is the winner broke cleaner and faster. It wasn’t riding strategy that beat Big Brown. In fact, Desormeaux told close confidants afterward “I knew I had no chance in the post parade.”

Desormeaux knew he wasn’t astride a happy horse; one that with the exception of those rank-early beginnings never was into the bridle; one racing on a quarter-crack patched only 24 hours earlier; that runs down--anathema at Belmont Park; one stressed out and off steroids, one worth $50 million.

To blame Desormeaux is scapegoating and shows little understanding of the variables at work. Given the scenario, the rider was unfairly maligned and didn’t deserve to get thrown under any buses, including the one steered by Big Brown’s trainer, race strategy be damned.

“I saved a horse today,” was Desormeaux’s immediate reaction after the race. And considering what had happened at Churchill Downs five weeks earlier, and the PETA demonstrators carrying signs outside the gates of Belmont Park, what the hell was Desormeaux supposed to do, anyway?

Another possibility is that, as smart as he is, Big Brown was taking care of himself before he was pulled up. And maybe, by racing as poorly as he did, he’ll do more for the sport than any lasting impression a Triple Crown victory would have made on his troubled sport.

Racing authorities need to find out what tests were administered to Big Brown post-Belmont, and what those findings were. Then, like Barbaro has done for laminitis research, and like Eight Belles is doing for musculoskeletal inquiry, Big Brown’s stunning Belmont performance can be the catalyst for good; an all-encompassing ban on the use of steroids.

Written by John Pricci

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