By John Pricci and Breeders’ Cup Ltd.– Santa Anita, ParisLongchamp Open the Floodgates on Huge Challenge Weekend come Saturday.
The Breeders’ Cup Challenge Series hits its zenith this weekend, with 14 “Win and You’re In” automatic qualifiers spread out at Santa Anita Park outside of Los Angeles, Belmont Park on Long Island, and ParisLongchamp in France. Santa Anita will host half of the 14, with the Awesome Again Stakes (G1) offering the ninth and final automatic starting berth into the $6 million Longines Breeders’ Cup Classic (G1), while ParisLongchamp has five of its own, with the clear highlight being the historic Qatar Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe (G1), with a berth into the $4 million Longines Breeders’ Cup Turf (G1) on the line. Toss in a pair of 2-year-old qualifiers at Belmont and the biggest Challenge weekend of the year surely won’t disappoint.
Tripoli leads the Awesome Again at Santa Anita
Eclipse Sportswire photo
Awesome Again Comes Up Strong, Leads the Way at Santa Anita
While Santa Anita opens Friday with a trio of Challenge races, it’s the “Win and You’re In” Awesome Again (G1) on Saturday that rates as a can’t-miss event, as several of those entered in the compact field have serious designs on the $6 million Longines Breeders’ Cup Classic.
The field is led by Hronis Racing’s TRIPOLI, who already earned a berth into the Classic when he won Del Mar’s Aug. 21 “Win and You’re In” TVG Pacific Classic (G1) for trainer John Sadler. The 4-year-old son of Kitten’s Joy made the first 11 starts of his career on turf but has transformed into a new horse on dirt, as he won a local optional-claimer in June then was second in Del Mar’s San Diego Handicap (G2) in July before securing his signature win to move to 4-for-14 lifetime. Initially, Sadler was planning going straight from the Pacific Classic to the Breeders’ Cup Classic with Tripoli but his plans changed for the better.
“It was either train him into the Breeders’ Cup Classic, or run him, and he’s telling me go ahead and run,” Sadler said. In 2018, the Sadler-trained Accelerate won the Awesome Again and the Longines Breeders’ Cup Classic.
Calvin Nguyen’s IDOL hasn’t been seen since winning the March 6 Santa Anita Handicap (G1) for trainer Richard Baltas but the 4-year-old son of 2007 Classic winner Curlin is 3-for-6 lifetime and has a world of upside, while Zedan Racing Stables’ MEDINA SPIRIT finished first in the Kentucky Derby (G1) and his comeback in Del Mar’s Aug. 29 Shared Belief and will garner plenty of support, as will MyRacehorse and Spendthrift Farm’s TIZAMAGICIAN, second in the Pacific Classic. EXPRESS TRAIN, who beat Tripoli in the San Diego but was a disappointing sixth as the favorite in the Pacific Classic, is also entered, as are AZUL COAST, MIDCOURT, and STILLETO BOY.
Rodeo Drive, Sprint Championship Anchor Awesome Again Undercard
While the Awesome Again rightfully takes center stage Saturday at Santa Anita, the $300,000 “Win and You’re In” Rodeo Drive Stakes on turf (G1), which will award and automatic starting berth into the $2 million Maker’s Mark Breeders’ Cup Filly & Mare Turf (G1), and the $200,000 “Win and You’re In” Santa Anita Sprint Championship (G2), which will offer a starting berth into the $2 million Breeders’ Cup Sprint (G1), both drew strong fields.
The Rodeo Drive, at 1 ¼ miles, gives Abbondanza Racing, Medallion Racing, and MyRacehorse’s GOING TO VEGAS a chance to further distance herself from the rest of the Californians. The 4-year-old daughter of two-time Breeders’ Cup Dirt Mile (G1) winner Goldencents won the local Santa Ana Stakes (G3) in March and Del Mar’s Sept. 4 John C. Mabee (G2) for trainer Richard Baltas. Going to Vegas is 6-for-21 lifetime.
LNJ Foxwoods has two entrants in DOGTAG, who has been second in all four starts this year — all stakes — for trainer Richard Mandella and is 5-2-3-0 locally, and LUCK, who won her U.S. debut impressively in an optional-claimer Aug. 7 at Del Mar for Baltas. CRYSTALLE, FAST JET COURT (BRZ), MAGIC ATTITUDE (GB), NEIGE BLANCHE (FR), RED LARK, and RIDEFORTHECAUSE are also entered in the “Win and You’re In” Rodeo Drive.
The Santa Anita Sprint Championship, at 6 furlongs, drew a small field of six but came up exceptionally strong, with Red Baron’s Barn, Rancho Temescal, Reeves Thoroughbred Racing, and William Branch’s DR. SCHIVEL headlining. The 3-year-old son of Violence, 4-for-6 lifetime, already qualified for the Sprint when he won Del Mar’s July 31 “Win and You’re In” Bing Crosby (G1) for trainer Mark Glatt.
Altamira Racing Stable, Madaket Stables, Gary Barber and Tom Kagele’s C Z ROCKET is the defending champion and used the 2020 race as a springboard to a second-place finish in the Breeders’ Cup Sprint last year at Keeneland for trainer Peter Miller. C Z Rocket was third, beaten just a neck in the Bing Crosby, while Lane’s End Racing and Hronis Racing’s FLAGSTAFF won the Churchill Downs Stakes (G1) in May for trainer John Sadler. COLLUSION ILLUSION, COLT FICTION, and VERTICAL THREAT are also entered in the “Win and You’re In” Santa Anita Sprint Championship.
Juveniles Friday, Zenyatta Sunday Bookend Opening Weekend
The Great Race Place opens Friday and the layout of the Santa Anita main track offers 2-year-olds an important chance at running two turns on the dirt. The $300,000 “Win and You’re In” American Pharoah Stakes (G1) and $200,000 “Win and You’re In” Chandelier Stakes (G2), both at 1 1/16 miles, drew two lightly raced fields long on talent and pedigree.
The American Pharoah could mark the coming-out party of Speedway Stables’ CORNICHE, a son of Quality Road who won his debut Sept. 4 at Del Mar by 4 ½ lengths at 1-2, and figures tough to catch from his inside draw. SF Racing, Starlight Racing, Madaket Stables, Robert Masterson, Stonestreet Stables, Jay Schoenfarber, Waves Edge Capital, Catherine Donovan, Golconda Stable, and Siena Farm’s ROCKEFELLER, a son of Medaglia d’Oro, was equally impressive winning on debut Aug. 28 at Del Mar. FINNEUS, FLYING DRUMMER, JOKER BOY, OVIATT CLASS, and PAPPACAP are also entered for the “Win and You’re In” American Pharoah.
Willow Grace Farm and Michael Lund Petersen’s GRACE ADLER, a filly by 2007 Breeders’ Cup Classic (G1) winner Curlin who parlayed a perfect trip into an 11 ¼-length win in the Sept. 5 Del Mar Debutante (G1), headlines the Chandelier, while Old Bones Racing Stable, Michael Lombardi, and Joey Platts’ AIN’T EASY, a daughter of Into Mischief, settled early and kicked home late by 5 ¼ lengths on debut Aug. 21 at Del Mar and rates a long look. CENSORSHIP, DANCE TO THE MUSIC, DESERT DAWN, ELECTRIC RIDE and ELM DRIVE are also entered in the “Win and You’re In” Chandelier.
The undercard includes the $100,000 “Win and You’re In” Speakeasy at 5 furlongs, with the winner earning a berth into the $1 million Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Turf Sprint (G2). Seven were entered, with CJ Thoroughbreds’ MISS ALACRITY leading the way for trainer Wesley Ward. The daughter of Munnings is 2-for-2 and won her turf debut Aug. 1 in Monmouth Park’s Colleen Stakes. Patricia’s Hope and Richard Ravin’s ONE TIMER won both starts over the Tapeta surface at Woodbine, including the July 31 Victoria for trainer Larry Rivelli, while MyRacehorse and Spendthrift Farm’s FORBIDDEN KINGDOM leads the locals off a fast Aug. 21 Del Mar debut win on the main track for trainer Richard Mandella. ANMER HALL, BLAME IT ON ROSE, ROCK THE BELLES, and TIME TO PARTY are also entered in the “Win and You’re In” Speakeasy.
Sunday’s $200,000 “Win and You’re In” Zenyatta Stakes (G2) at 1 1/16 miles will offer an automatic starting berth into the $2 million Longines Breeders’ Cup Distaff (G1). Michael Tabor, Derrick Smith and Mrs. John Magnier’s AS TIME GOES BY, winner of the local Santa Margarita (G2) in April and Santa Maria (G2) in May headlines a field of eight that also drew CALIFORNIA KOOK, LADY KATE, MISS MIGLY, MISS STORMY D, PRIVATE MISSION, SAMURAI CHARM and STELLAR SOUND.
Michael Tabor, Derrick Smith, and Mrs.’ John Magnier’s AS TIME GOES BY won the local Santa Margarita (G2) in April and Santa Maria (G2) in May and would be worth consideration, while MISS MIGLY, MISS STORMY D, PAIGE ANNIE, PRIVATE MISSION, SAMURAI CHARM could also start in the “Win and You’re In” Zenyatta.
Contentious Arc Highlights a Super Sunday at ParisLongchamp
The eyes of the racing world will be on ParisLongchamp Sunday when the $6.1 million “Win and You’re In” Qatar Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe (G1) is run as the centerpiece of a blockbuster card that includes five other Group 1s, four of which are Breeders’ Cup automatic qualifiers.
The Arc will offer a free starting position into the $4 million Longines Breeders’ Cup Turf (G1), while the Prix de l’Opera Longines (GI) will award a berth into the $2 million Maker’s Mark Breeders’ Cup Filly & Mare Turf (G1), the Prix de l’Abbaye de Longchamp Longines (G1) to the $1 million Breeders’ Cup Turf Sprint (G1), the Qatar Prix Jean Luc Lagardere (G1) to the $1 million Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Turf (G1), and the Qatar Prix Marcel Boussac – Criterium des Pouliches (G1) to the $1 million Breeders’ Juvenile Fillies Turf (G1).
Tarnawa (IRE) Entered in Qatar Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe (G1) Sunday at ParisLongchamp
Eclipse Sportswire photo
The Arc, at 1 ½ miles, is shaping up as one of the more wide-open renewals of the past several years, with the Aga Khan’s homebred and defending Longines Breeders’ Cup Turf winner TARNAWA (IRE) trading as a slight 5-2 ante-post favorite among European punters. The 5-year-old daughter of Shamardal is 9-for-16 lifetime and 2-for-2 locally, as she won last year’s Prix Vermeille (G1) and Prix de l’Opera (G1) before winning the Turf at Keeneland for trainer Dermot Weld. Tarnawa enters off a second-place finish in another “Win and You’re In” for the Turf, Leopardstown’s Sept. 11 Irish Champion Stakes (G1).
Godolphin’s 3-year-old sons of Frankel (GB)—the homebred ADAYAR (IRE) and their HURRICANE LANE (IRE), are next in the betting at 11-4 and 5-1, respectively, for trainer Charlie Appleby. The former is 3-for-6 lifetime, winning the Cazoo Derby (G1) at Epsom, and earned a Turf bid when he won Ascot’s July 24 “Win and You’re In” King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes (G1) in his last start, while the latter enters off a win in the Sept. 11 St Leger (G1) at Doncaster, and is 6-for-7 lifetime.
Two other female stars who have also already earned free berths into the Longines Breeders’ Cup Turf also are entered in the Arc. Michael Tabor, Derrick Smith, and Mrs. John Magnier’s star 3-yar-old filly LOVE (JPN), who is trading at 5-1 for trainer Aidan O’Brien, captured the Prince of Wales’s Stakes (G1) at Royal Ascot, and Sunday Racing’s 5-year-old mare CHRONO GENESIS (JPN) , winner of the Takarazuka Kinen (G1) at Hanshin, is at 12-1. ALENQUER (FR), BABY RIDER (FR), BROOME (IRE), BUBBLE GIFT (FR), CHRONO GENESIS (JPN), DEEP BOND (JPN), LOVE (IRE), MOJO STAR (IRE), RAABIHAH, SEALIWAY (FR), TEONA (IRE), and TORQUATOR TASSO (GER) are also entered in the “Win and You’re In” Prix de L’Arc de Triomphe.
Arc Undercard Stakes Figure to Have Major Del Mar Ramifications
The $612,000 Prix de l’Opera, at 1 ¼ miles, will award a berth into the $2 million Maker’s Mark Breeders’ Cup Filly & Mare Turf (G1) and drew 15, with Mrs. A M Swinburn’s defending Filly & Mare Turf (G1) winner AUDARYA (FR) a tepid 3-1 favorite for trainer James Fanshawe. The 5-year-old daughter of Wootton Basset (GB) is 5-for-16 lifetime but is winless in three starts this year, with her 12-1 upset at Keeneland by far her biggest win.
Michael Tabor, Derrick Smith, and Mrs. John Magnier’s Group 1 winner JOAN OF ARC (IRE) is 11-2 for trainer Aidan O’Brien, as is Yeguada Centurian SL’s SIBILA SPAIN (IRE), who won a Sept. 2 listed stakes over the course for trainer Christopher Head. AMBITION (GB), BABYLONE (FR), BURGARITA (GB), EUDAIMONIA (FR), GRAND GLORY (GB), IKAT (JPN), INCARVILLE (FR), PALMAS (GER), PENJA (FR), ROUGIR (FR), THUNDERING NIGHTS (IRE), and ZEYAADAH (IRE), are also entered for the “Win and You’re In” Prix de l’Opera.
A berth into the $1 million Breeders’ Cup Turf Sprint (G1) is on the line in the $428,000 Prix de l’Abbaye de Longchamp Longines at 5 furlongs. George Strawbridge’s SUESA (IRE) looms a strong 2-1 favorite in the field of 14 off her win in the King George (G2) at Glorious Goodwood in July for trainer Francois Rohaut. The 3-year-old daughter of Night of Thunder (IRE) is 5-for-7 lifetime.
Bearstone Stud Limited’s homebred GLASS SLIPPERS (GB), who won the Breeders’ Cup Turf Sprint last year at Keeneland, is next at 11-2 for trainer Kevin Ryan, while King Power Racing Co’s WINTER POWER (IRE) sits at 6-1 and already qualified for the Sprint when she won the Coolmore Wootton Bassett Nunthorpe Stakes (G1) at York in August for trainer Tim Easterby. AIR DE VALSE (FR), BERNEUIL (IRE), DANDALLA (IRE), LADY IN FRANCE (GB), MO CELITA (IRE), O TRANSO (FR), PONNTOS (IRE), PRADARO (FR), ROMANTIC PROPOSAL (IRE), URBAN BEAT (IRE), and WILD MAJESTY (IRE), are also entered in the “Win and You’re In” Prix de l’Abbaye de Longchamp Longines.
The $489,000 Qatar Prix Jean Luc Lagardere (G1), at 7 furlongs, will award a berth into the $1 million Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Turf (G1) and the field of nine is headlined by Al Shaqab Racing’s EBRO RIVER (IRE), who is 9-4 for trainer Hugo Palmer off his win in the Keenland Phoenix Stakes (G1) at The Curragh in August. The 2-year-old son of Galileo Gold (GB) has had a busy freshman campaign and is 3-for-8 lifetime.
Michael Tabor, Derrick Smith, Mrs. John Magnier, and Westerberg’s ANCIENT ROME is at 11-4 for trainer Andre Fabre, and won the local prep, the Sept. 9 Prix des Chenes (G3), while Wertheimer and Frere’s homebred ACCAKABA (IRE), who is undefeated in four starts against lesser, is at 7-2 for trainer Christophe Ferland. ANGEL BLEU (FR), ARNIS MASTER (GER), NOBLE TRUTH (FR), ROCCHIGIANI (GB), STONE AGE (IRE), THE WIZARD OF EYE (IRE), are also entered in the “Win and You’re In” Qatar Prix de Jean Luc Lagardere.
The $489,000 Qatar Prix Marcel Boussac (G1), at 1-mile, offers a berth into the $1 million Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Turf (G1) and the field of nine has the strongest favorite on the card, as Juddmonte’s homebred RACLETTE (GB) is at 5-4 for Fabre. The 2-year-old daughter of Frankel (GB) is 2-for-2 lifetime, including a win in the Prix de la Lorie Sept. 17 at Chantilly.
Scott Heider’s AGARTHA (IRE) is next at 7-2 for trainer Joseph O’Brien off her win in the Alpha Centauri Debutante Stakes (G2) at The Curragh in August, while Godolphin’s homebred FLEUR D’IRIS (GB) is 9-2 off her win in the local prep, the Sept. 9 Prix d’Aumale (G3) for Fabre. ACER ALLEY (GB), NATASHA (GB), OSCULA (GB), TIMES SQUARE (FR), WHO KNOWS (FR), and ZELLIE (FR) are also entered in the “Win and You’re In” Qatar Prix Marcel Boussac.
Spellbinding Champagne, Echo Zulu in Frizette, Woodward Returns at Belmont
The 2-year-olds will be in the spotlight at Belmont Park, with Saturday’s $500,000 “Win and You’re In” Champagne (G1) offering an automatic starting berth into the $2 million TVG Breeders’ Cup Juvenile presented by Thoroughbred Aftercare Alliance (G1), while Sunday’s $400,000 “Win and You’re In” Frizette (G1) will offer a berth into the $2 million Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies (G1). Both one-turn mile races are stellar, with the Champagne easily the best 2-year-old race of the year, and the Frizette showcasing the freakishly fast ECHO ZULU.
The Champagne will be led by Winchell Thoroughbreds’ GUNITE, a son of 2017 Breeders’ Cup Classic winner Gun Runner who ran the field off their feet in Saratoga’s Sep. 6 Hopeful Stakes (G1) for trainer Steve Asmussen to go to 2-for-5 lifetime. The result turned the tables on Repole Stable, St. Elias Stable, and Gainesway Stable’s WIT, a son of Practical Joke who easily defeated Gunite in the Saratoga Special (G2) in July for trainer Todd Pletcher but saw his modest unbeaten streak end at two in the Hopeful.
The two most impressive debut winner of the Saratoga meet — Jim Bakke and Gerald Isbister’s JACK CHRISTOPHER and Robert and Lowana Low’s MY PRAKNSTER — will try to step up. The former, a son of Munnings, won Aug. 28 by 8 ¾ lengths for trainer Chad Brown, while the latter, by Into Mischief, won by 10 lengths Aug. 21 for Pletcher. COMMANDPERFORMANCE and KAVOD are also entered in the “Win and You’re In” Champagne.
The Frizette doesn’t figure nearly as competitive with Winchell Thoroughbreds and L and N Racing’s Echo Zulu lining up for Asmussen as a very short-priced favorite in a field of nine. The daughter of Gun Runner won on debut at Saratoga in July by 5 ½ lengths then blitzed the field in their Sep. 5 Spinaway (G1) by 4 lengths.
The Elkstone Group’s JESTER CALLS NOJOY broke her maiden by 10 lengths Sep. 5 at Saratoga in her second start for Pletcher and will be joined in the starting gate by A MO READY, FROSTY BREW, GERRYMANDER, JUMEIRAH, and SAUCY LADY T could also run in the “Win and You’re In” Frizette.
Belmont also welcomes back the $500,000 Woodward (G1), which had been at Saratoga for the last several years, and the 1 1/8-mile contest is shaping up as a terrific race that will certainly have major implications for the $6 million Longines Breeders’ Cup Classic, as it will be led by Godolphin’s homebred MAXFIELD, who earned a free berth to the Classic when taking the Stephen Foster (G2) in June, along with stars ART COLLECTOR, CODE OF HONOR, DR POST, and FORZA DI ORO, along with MO GOTCHA, also lining up.
News and Notes
Juvenile Turf Berths Earned in Newmarket’s Rockfel, Royal Lodge
Newmarket in the U.K. hosted a pair of “Win and You’re In” 2-year-old qualifiers last weekend, with the Sept. 24 $95,900 Unibet Rockfel (G2) offering an automatic starting berth into the $1 million Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies Turf (G1) and the Sept. 25 $137,000 Juddmonte Royal Lodge (G2) offering a berth into the $1 million Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies Turf (G1).
Amo Racing Limited’s HELLO YOU (IRE) upset the 7-furlong Rockfel for trainer David Loughnane, beating CACHET (IRE) by 1 ½ lengths. The daughter of Invincible Spirit (IRE) has had a busy freshman campaign, as she won on debut at Wolverhampton in May for trainer Ralph Beckett then was third in the Albany Stakes (G3) at Royal Ascot in June and second in the Duchess of Cambridge (G2) locally in July after which she was sent to trainer David Loughnane. Hello You was off-the-board in her next two starts but rebounded in the Rockfel.
Highclere Thoroughbred Racing’s ROYAL PATRONAGE (FR) won the 1-mile Royal Lodge by a neck over COROEBUS (IRE) for trainer Mark Johnston. The son of Wootton Bassett (GB) won for the third straight time and improved on the form that netted him the Aug. 18 Acomb (G3) at York. Royal Patronage is now 3-for-5 lifetime and is likely to be given the rest of the year off to point for the 2022 European Classics.
Dakota Gold Airs at Monmouth, Eyes Juvenile Turf
Reeves Thoroughbred Racing’s DAKOTA GOLD won Monmouth Park’s Sept. 26 $500,000 Nownownow at 1-mile for trainer Danny Gargan to firmly put herself in the mix for the $1 million Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies Turf (G1). The 2-year-old daughter of Freud won on debut Sept. 2 sprinting on the dirt at Saratoga over fellow New York breds but looked sharp pulling clear in her turf debut at Monmouth, while going two turns as well. Gargan mentioned to owner Dean Reeves prior to the Nownownow that he could envision a trip to Del Mar and it certainly played out.
“I told him if we win this we can go to the Breeders’ Cup,” Gargan said. “So, I think Dean is going to let me go to the Breeders’ Cup.”
Knicks Go is Back on top in Longines Breeders’ Cup Classic Rankings
Knicks Go taking the “Win and You’re In” Whitney at Saratoga
Eclipse Sportswire photo
Korea Racing Authority’s 5-year-old Knicks Go, hopped over stablemate Essential Quality and back into first place in the Longines Breeders’ Cup Classic Rankings, a weekly poll of the top 10 horses in contention for this year’s $6 million Longines Breeders’ Cup Classic (G1). Trained by Brad Cox, Knicks Go, who won the Pegasus World Cup Invitational (G1) at Gulfstream Park and the Whitney (G1) at Saratoga this year, is entered in Saturday’s Lukas Classic (G3) at Churchill Downs.
HRI’S A-B-C BET GRIDS:
G2 MS GRILLO
A: 6-McKulick (1-1), 5-Philly Eagles (8-1)
B: 4-Kinchen (5-2)
C: 3-Hail To (7-2)
A: 5-Gunite (4-1, 3-Jack Christopher (9-5)
B: 1-Wit (2-1), 2-My Prankster (5-2)
G3 BELMONT TURF INVITATIONAL
A: 5-Therapist (9-2), 7-Pulsate (7-2)
B: 2-Backtohisroots (3-1), 9-Chewing Gum (8-1)
C: 8-Belgrano (8-1)
B: 5-Code of Honor (5-2)
C: 6-Forza Di Oro (5-1)
G3 LUKAS CLASSIC
A: 2-Knicks Go (2-5)
B: 5-Independence Hall ( 10-1 ), 4-Shared Sense ( 15-1)
C: 3-Tactitus (5-2), 6-Sprawl (12-1)
G3 ACK ACK
A: 10-Beau Liam (3-1)
B: 11-Rushie (4-1)
C: 9-South Bend (10-1), 3-Guest Suite (15-1)
SANTA ANITA PARK
G2 CITY OF HOPE MILE
A: 2-Mo Forza (6-5), 5-Smooth Like Strait (8-5)
B: 3-Hit the Road (3-1)
G2 SANTA ANITA SPRINT CHAMPIONSHIP
A: 5-Flagstaff (6-5), 4-C Z Rocket (8-5)
B: 1-Dr. Schivel (3-1)
G1 RODEO DRIVE
A: 4-Going to Vegas (5-2), 9-Red Lark (12-1)
B: 1-Dogtag (4-1)
C: 7-Magic Attitude (5-1), 5-Rideforthecause (15-1)
G1 AWESOME AGAIN
A: 7-Tripoli (3-1), 2-Midcourt (12-1)
B: 1-Tizamagician (4-1)
C: 3-Medina Spirit (5-2), 8-Idol (5-1),
When more than one horse is listed in the same category, top preference is for the first horse named. Gradings can be used horizontally or vertically. Handicappers may move up or down at their discretion but only one grade.